Turkish Neurosurgery 2017 , Vol 27 , Num 2
Management of Failed Cranioplasty
Ramazan SARI1,Mehmet TONGE1,Fatih Han BOLUKBASI1,Mustafa ONOZ1,Ozdil BASKAN2,Gokalp SILAV1, Ilhan ELMACI1
1Memorial Health Group, Department of Neurosurgery, Istanbul, Turkey
2Memorial Health Group, Department of Radiology, Istanbul, Turkey
DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.15395-15.0 AIM: Failed cranioplasty attempts may lead to numerous complications in a broad spectrum including cosmetic problems, infection, neurological deterioration and even death. Selection of the most appropriate surgical technique for second and further surgical attempts for these patients still remains a debate. We aimed to share our experience and technical pitfalls on management of failed cranioplasty, particularly for patients with large cranial defects.

MATERIAL and METHODS: A retrospective data analysis of cranioplasty cases in our series was performed including the time period between 2002 and 2012. Patients required recurrent cranioplasty were analyzed in detail.

RESULTS: Totally, 101 patients underwent cranioplasty for bony defect. Of 101 patients, eleven required a revision surgery due to infection or spontaneous resorption of the bone flap. All patients underwent revision cranioplasty with pre-surgical plaster cast mold technique modified from previous studies and/or tissue expansion technique. Polymethyl-metacrylate (PMMA) was used as substitute for reconstructions. Mean follow-up was 36 months. Two out of eleven cases (18.1%) developed major complications, which led to further revision. At the end, a satisfactory reconstruction was achieved for all patients.

CONCLUSION: Our modified molded plaster cast technique is a safe and cost-effective approach for the revision of failed cranioplasty. We believe that the tissue expanding techniques have also great contribution to achieve successful results. Keywords : Cast, Complication, Cranioplasty, Mold, Technique, Tissue expander