Instructions to Authors

Turkish Neurosurgery is a peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary journal directed at an audience of neurosurgery physicians and scientists. The official language of the journal is English. The journal publishes original articles in the form of clinical and basic research. Turkish Neurosurgery will only publish studies that have institutional review board (IRB) approval and have strictly observed a sufficient follow-up period. With the exception of reference presentation, Turkish Neurosurgery requires that all manuscripts be prepared in accordance with the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals.

Turkish Neurosurgery periodically publishes the following papers: TurkishNeuro-Excursion, Original Investigation (Clinical and Experimental Studies), Review Article, Case Report, Case Illustration, Technical Note, Historical Perspective and Letter to the Editor.

Manuscript Submission

Authors are to submit their manuscripts through the Webbased tracking system at http://www.turkishneurosurgery.org.tr. The site contains instructions and advice on how to submit manuscripts, guidance on the creation/scanning and saving of electronic art, and supporting documentation. ORCID identifier (ID) is required for all authors during the submission process. ORCID ID can be obtained free of charge at http://orcid.org E-mail address of all authors should also be provided during the submission process. In addition to allowing authors to submit manuscripts on the web, the site allows authors to follow the progression of their manuscript through the peer review process. Authors who submit their manuscripts through the web-based tracking system are asked not to send hard copies of the manuscript to the editorial office. Please address all inquiries regarding manuscripts not yet accepted or published to the Journal’s editorial office. The editorial office will acknowledge receipt of your manuscript and will send you a manuscript number for reference.

Revised Submission

Author’s comments to the reviewers are required for revised submissions. Authors must address the reviewer’s concerns/suggestions and whether the change was made or not. Authors must also highlight the changes made within the text. Do not track the additions or deletions to the manuscript. If the Authors do not want to revise the manuscript within a period of two months the manuscript will automatically be declined.

Patient anonymity and informed consent: It is the author’s responsibility to ensure that a patient’s anonymity is carefully protected and to verify that any experimental investigation with human subjects reported in the manuscript was performed with informed consent and followed all the guidelines for experimental studies with human subjects required by the institution(s) with which all the authors are affiliated. Authors should mask patients’ eyes, private parts and remove patients’ names from all figures.

Copyright: Corresponding author must sign a copy of the Journal’s "Copyright Transfer/Conflict of Interest and Device Status Form" on behalf of all authors and submit it to the Editorial Office.

Permissions: Authors must submit written permission from the copyright owner (usually the publisher) to use direct quotations, tables, or illustrations that have appeared in copyrighted form elsewhere, along with complete details about the source. Any permissions fees that might be required by the copyright owner are the responsibility of the authors requesting use of the borrowed material and not the Turkish Neurosurgical Society.

Preparation of Manuscript

Manuscripts that do not adhere to the following instructions WILL BE RETURNED to the corresponding author for technical revision before undergoing peer review.

General format: All manuscripts should be submitted in English, and formatted for standard 81/2 x 11-inch (21 x 28-cm) paper with at least a 1-inch (2.5 cm) margin on all sides and double-spaced.

Style: Pattern manuscript style after the American Medical Association Manual of Style (9th edition). Stedman’s Medical Dictionary (27th edition) and Merriam Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary (10th edition) should be used as standard references. Refer to drugs and therapeutic agents by their accepted generic or chemical names, and do not abbreviate them. Use code numbers only when a generic name is not yet available. In that case, supply the chemical name and a figure giving the chemical structure of the drug. Capitalize the trade names of drugs and place them in parentheses after the generic names. To comply with trademark law, include the name and location (city and state in USA; city and country outside USA) of the manufacturer of any drug, supply, or equipment mentioned in the manuscript. Use the metric system to express the units of measure and degrees Celsius to express temperatures, and

SI units rather than conventional units.

Submit the manuscript electronically via:

http://www.turkishneurosurgery.org.tr in the following order:

1) Title page: The title page should include:

(a) complete manuscript title (brief, definite and didactic),

(b) authors’ full names, highest academic degrees, and affiliations,

(c) name and address for correspondence, including fax number, telephone number, and e-mail address,

(d) address for reprints if different from that of corresponding author,

(e) sources of support that require acknowledgement,

(f) any other acknowledgement the authors wish to include. Please verify that the spelling, order, and affiliation of each author are correct.

(g) the title page must be uploaded as a separate file

A Running Head should also appear in the title page. The running head should be no more than three to five words from the title, and should NOT include the authors’ names.

2) Structured Abstract and Key Words .

The following subheads must be included in the Structured Abstract only for clinical and experimental research papers: Aim (Background), Material and Methods, Results, Conclusion. Do not cite references in the abstract, and limit the use of abbreviations and acronyms. The structured abstract must be no more than 250 words.

List three to five Key Words after the abstract. Abbreviations should be written after the keywords in the abstract.

Abbreviations should be written within parentheses after writing the abbreviated phrase in full in the first instance in the text. They should be written without parentheses afterwards. For a list of standard abbreviations, consult the Council of Biology Editors Style Guide (available from the Council of Science Editors, 9650 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20814) or other standard sources.

It is not necessary to provide a structured abstract for submissions to the Turkish Neuro-Excursion, Review Article, Case Report, Case Illustration, Technical Note, Historical Perspective and Letter to the Editor sections.

3) Text: Organize the manuscript into five main headings:

Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion, and Conclusion.

For Clinical Trials, Experimental and Anatomic Studies as well as similar study designs, please attach the Ethical Committee Approval Form to the manuscript submission. Define abbreviations at first mention in text and in each table and figure. If a brand name is cited, supply the manufacturer’s name and address (city and state/country).

The number of words varies for different types of manuscripts:

Turkish Neuro-Excursion: The editor will invite connoisseurs for these special type of papers which may cover a broad spectrum in various fields of medicine, science, art, history, law as well as any important theme on actuality other than core neurosurgery. The number of words, figures, tables and references are not restricted.

Original Investigation, Review and Historical Perspective: The main text should not exceed 3500 words excluding the abstract, references, tables, and figure legends for original articles, including randomized controlled trials, observational (cohort, case-control or cross-sectional) studies, diagnostic accuracy studies, systematic reviews and meta-analyses, nonrandomized behavioral and public health intervention trials, experimental animal trials, or any other retrospective or prospective clinical or experimental studies and invited articles. The number of figures, tables, videos and references are not restricted. The spesifications for video files are given at part 6.

Case Report: Word count must not exceed 1000 (excluding references, tables, and figure legends). Case reports

cannot have more than 4 authors, 15 references, and 4 figures or tables.

Case Illustration: The number of words must not exceed 500 (excluding references, tables, and figure legends). There is a restriction for only 2 figures and 10 references.

Technical Note: The number of words must not exceed 1000, and there should not be more than 4 authors or 15 references. The number of figures and tables are not restricted.

Letter to the Editor: These can also be submitted through Editorial Manager. Letters should refer to the title and authors of a recent Turkish Neurosurgery article. The letter should be no longer than 300 words with no more than 3 references. Unpublished data should not be used Letters to the Editor are sent to the article authors for response. The Editor-in-Chief makes the final decision on whether letters to the editor and the responses are published.

Terms: Do not use the term hardware. Acceptable substitutions include implants and instrumentation. Constructs or montage may be used if the reference is to a particular pattern of fixation points for the instrumentation.

4) References:

The authors are responsible for the accuracy of the references. Key the references (double-spaced) at the end of the manuscript. Cite references in text in alphabetical order within parentheses. Do not link the references to the text. Cite unpublished data, such as papers submitted but not yet accepted for publication or personal communications, in parentheses in the text. Do not use “et al” in the references. List all the authors of the reference. Refer to the List of Journals Indexed in Index Medicus for abbreviations of journal names, or access the list at “http://www.nlm.nih.gov/tsd/serials/lji.html”

Sample references are given below:

A. Journal article

Guiot BH, Khoo LT, Fessler RG: A minimally invasive technique for decompression of the lumbar spine. Turk Neurosurg 27: 432-438, 2002

B. Additional example

Altınörs N, Kars Z, Arda N, Şenveli E, Türker A, Çınar N: Spinal extradural metastasis of medulloblastoma. Turk Neurosurg (Suppl) 1: 144, 1989

C. Book chapter

Sweitzer S, Arruda J, DeLeo J: The cytokine challenge: Methods for the detection of central cytokines in rodent models of persistent pain. In: Kruger L (ed), Methods in Pain Research. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2001: 109-132

D. Entire book

Atlas SW: Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain and Spine. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2001

E. Example of thesis

Kanpolat Y: Experimental percutaneous access to the trigeminal ganglion and the histopathological evaluation of radiofrequency thermic lesion (Unpublished dissertation), Ankara: Ankara University, 1978:1- 52

F. Software

Epi Info [computer program]. Version 6. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1994

G. Online journals

Friedman SA. Preeclampsia: A review of the role of prostaglandins. Obstet Gynecol [serial online]. January 1988;71:22-37. Available from: BRS Information Technologies, McLean, VA. Accessed December 15, 1990

H. Database

CANCERNET-PDQ [database online]. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute, 1996. Updated March 29, 1996

I. World Wide Web

Gostin LO. Drug use and HIV/AIDS [JAMA HIV/AIDS web site]. June 1, 1996. Available at: http://www.ama-assn.org/special/ hiv/ethics. Accessed June 26, 1997

5) Tables and Figures:

Tables: Create tables in word format using the table creating and editing feature of your word processing software. Do not use Excel or comparable spreadsheet programs. Tables should not exceed page width of 41 picas or 17.5 cm. Supply tables together in a separate file. Cite tables consecutively in the text, and number them in that order. Key each on a separate sheet, include the table title, appropriate column heads, and explanatory legends (including definitions of any abbreviations used). Do not embed tables within the body of the manuscript. They should be self-explanatory and should supplement, rather than duplicate, the material in the text.

Digital Figures: All electronic art can be submitted through the Web-based tracking system “http://www.turkishneurosurgery.org.tr”

A. Format: Electronic art should be created/scanned and saved and submitted either as a JPEG file.

B. Sizing and Resolution: Line art must have a resolution of at least 1200 dpi (dots per inch).

Electronic photographs, radiographs, CT scans, and scanned images must have a resolution of at least 300 dpi.

Figures should be sized to fit either 1 column (20 picas/8.4 cm), 1 1/2 columns (30 picas/12.65 cm OR 2 columns (41

picas/17.5 cm) on a page.

Sizing and Resolution can be checked through the related web-based programs or softwares.

C. Fonts: If fonts are used in the artwork, they must be converted to paths or outlines or they must be embedded in the files. Fonts must be 8 pt and be sized consistently throughout the artwork. The best font to use is Helvetica.

Figure legends: Legends must be submitted for all figures. They should be brief and specific and less than 150 characters or approximately 50 words. List figure legends on a separate page at the end of the manuscript text.

Color figures: The journal accepts color figures with free of charge which will enhance the quality of an article.

6) Videos:

Videos must be the property of author(s). The copyright issues are similar to the other parts of the Turkish Neurosurgery Journal that was aforementioned. These videos may replace of a figure or figures of an article. They must include an embedded audio narration and subtitles in English. The proper formats are .avi, .mpeg and .mp4. The file size is restricted to a maximum of 40 MB. The runtime should not be longer than 10 minutes. To upload a video more than mentioned size, please contact with the editorial office.

7) Research Reporting Guidelines:

The authors should consult the following guidelines* in accordance with the type of research.

A. Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) for randomized trials.

B. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) for systematic reviews and meta-analyses.

C. Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (MOOSE) for observational studies of systematic reviews and meta-analyses.

D. Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) for observational articles.

E. Standards for the Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies (STARD) for the studies of diagnostic accuracy.

*It is possible for the authors to reach these guidelines through internet.

8) Plagiarism:

Manuscripts are investigated for possible plagiarism once they are accepted for possible publication. If an author receives a plagiarism notice regarding his/her manuscript, the corrections should be made within one month. If the Editorial Board detects any plagiarism on the second check after correction of the manuscript by the authors, the chief editor can reject the manuscript.

After Acceptance

Page proofs and corrections: Corresponding authors will receive electronic page proofs to check the copyedited and typeset article before publication. Portable document format (PDF) files of the typeset pages and support documents (e.g., reprint order form) will be sent to the corresponding author via e-mail. Complete instructions for downloading and printing the files and for faxing the corrected pages to the publisher will be provided with the e-mail. Authors without an e-mail address will receive traditional page proofs. It is the author’s responsibility to ensure that there are no errors in the proofs. Changes that have been made to conform to journal style will stand if they do not alter the author’s meaning. Only the most critical changes of the accuracy of the content will be made. Changes that are stylistic or are a reworking of previously accepted material will not be allowed. The publisher reserves the right to deny any changes that do not affect the accuracy of the content. Authors may be charged for alterations to the proofs beyond those required to correct errors or to answer queries. Proofs must be checked carefully and corrections faxed within 24 to 72 hours of receipt, as requested in the cover letter accompanying the page proofs.

Publisher’s contact details: Fax or e-mail corrected page proofs, and any other related materials to Journal Production Editor, Türk Nöroşirürji Derneği, Taşkent Caddesi 13/4, Bahçelievler-06500 Ankara, Turkey .

Phone: +90 312 212 64 08 Fax: +90 312 215 46 26

Reprints: Reprint requests should be faxed or e-mailed with the corrected proofs by the corresponding author, if needed. Reprints are normally shipped 6 to 8 weeks after publication of the issue in which the item appears. Contact with the Publisher: Bulus Tasarim, Bahriye Üçok Caddesi 9/1, Beşevler, Ankara, TURKEY.

Phone: +90 312 222 44 06 Fax: +90 312 222 44 07

e-mail: bulus@bulustasarim.com.tr.

The price for 2 sets of Hardcopy journal + shipping is approximately* 100 TL (~35 EUR).

*Depend on shipping cost. Please contact Bulus Tasarim.

Manuscript Checklist (before submission. For author reference only)

1. ORCID identifier (ID) is required for all authors during the submission process. ORCID ID can be obtained free of charge at http://orcid.org

2. E-mail address of all authors should be provided during the submission process.

3. Title page

Title (brief, definite, didactic)

Corresponding author designated, and full mailing address included on title page

E-mail address of corresponding author included on title page

Running head

Permission to reproduce copyrighted materials or signed patient consent forms

Acknowledgements listed for grants, technical support, and corporate support on title page

4. Structured abstract with key words (250 words)

5. Manuscript text with page numbers (without author names and affiliations)

6. Figure legends

7. Tables (Word, Wordperfect)

8. Figures (jpeg)

9. Videos (avi, mpeg, mp4)

10. References double-spaced and cited in alphabetical order

Turkish Neurosurgery reference style is avaliable for "EndNote" and "Zotero".