Turkish Neurosurgery 2012 , Vol 22 , Num 3
Surgical Strategies for Neurological Function Preservation in Severe Brain Contusion
Binghui QIU , Shuxiang XU, Luxiong FANG, Silky CHOTAI, Weiguang LI, Songtao QI
Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Department of Neurosurgery, Guangzhou, China DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.5333-11.0 AIM: Traditional surgical strategies for severe brain contusion are constantly associated with variable degree of postoperative neurological dysfunction, which is in part attributed to the location and severity of contusion. The purpose of this study was to compare and evaluate these current surgical strategies, with an emphasis on neurological function preservation.

MATERIAL and METHODS: A retrospective review of surgical strategies employed for 142 cases of severe brain contusion was performed. The surgical strategies were stratified into four types, Type I, Simple DC, without resection of contusion; II, Resection of contusion, combined with DC; III, Safe cerebral lobe resection and DC, without resection of contusion; IV, Simple resection of contusion, without decompression. The patients were accordingly separated into four groups.

RESULTS: The favorable prognosis rate in Group I, II and III was higher than Group IV on 6-month follow-up Glasgow Outcome Score (GOS). No significant difference of mortality rate was observed among Group I, II and III (p>0.05), but the favorable prognosis rate of Group II was lower than Group I and III (p<0.05).

CONCLUSION: Simple DC and safe cerebral lobe resection combined with DC might achieve better therapeutic effect, and could be recommended as the preferred surgical strategies for severe brain contusion. Keywords : Traumatic brain injury, Brain contusion, Decompressive craniectomy, Neurological function preservation

Corresponding author : Binghui Qřu, qiubui@gdvnet.com