Turkish Neurosurgery 2013 , Vol 23 , Num 6
Evaluation of the Effects of Mobile Phones on the Neural Tube Development of Chick Embryos
Ahmet Sukru UMUR1, Can YALDIZ2, Adem BURSALI3, Nurcan UMUR4, Burcu KARA5, Mustafa BARUTCUOGLU1, Seda VATANSEVER5, Deniz SELCUKI6, Mehmet SELCUKI1
1Celal Bayar University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Manisa, Turkey
2Sakarya Training and Research Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Sakarya, Turkey
3AtatŘrk Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Balřkesir, Turkey
4Celal Bayar University, Vocational School of Health Services, Manisa, Turkey
5Celal Bayar University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Histology and Embryology, Manisa, Turkey
6Celal Bayar University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Manisa, Turkey
DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.7757-12.0 AIM: The objective of this study is to examine the effects of radiation of mobile phones on developing neural tissue of chick embryos.

MATERIAL and METHODS: There were 4 study groups. All Groups were placed in equal distance, from the mobile phones. Serial sections were taken from each Group to study the neural tube segments.

RESULTS: The TUNEL results were statistically significant (p<0.001) at 30 and 48 hours in the third Group. We found low Bcl-2 levels partly in Group 4 and increased activity in Group 3. Caspase-3 was negative in the 48 and 72 hours in the Control Group, had moderate activity in the third Group 3, weak activity in the 48 hour, and was negative in the 72 hour in other groups. Caspase-9 immunoreactivity was weak in Group 1, 2 and 3 at 30 hours and was negative in Group 1 and 4 at 48 and 72 hours. Caspase-9 activity in the third Group was weak in all three stages.

CONCLUSION: Electromagnetic radiation emitted by mobile phones caused developmental delay in chick embryos in early period. This finding suggests that the use of mobile phones by pregnant women may pose risks. Keywords : Mobile phone, Electromagnetic field, Neural tube development, Chick embryo

Corresponding author : Can Yaldřz, drcanyaldiz@yahoo.com