Turkish Neurosurgery 2011 , Vol 21 , Num 3
Elevated Skull Fractures in Pediatric Age Group: Report of Two Cases
Sarbjit Singh CHHIBER, Mohd Afzal WANI, Altaf Rehman KIRMANI, Altaf Umar RAMZAN, Nayil Khursheed MALIK, Abrar Ahmad WANI, Abdul Rashid BHAT, Anil DHAR, Basharat KANTH
SKIMS, Department of Neurosurgery, Srinager/ J&K, India DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.2913-10.0 Elevated fractures of the skull, which are rarely reported in the literature, are always compound, have maximal neurological deficits at presentation and have been reported only in adults. We report two cases of elevated skull fractures in the pediatric age group, one of which was a simple elevated fracture and presented with delayed neurological deterioration. The etiologies were a fall in first case and an animal attack (bear maul) in the second case as reported for the first time. One of the cases presented with delayed onset of left focal hemispheric signs. The first case underwent debridement, duraplasty and reduction of fracture whereas in the second case the bone flap was not replaced immediately because of gross contamination. Both patients had an excellent outcome. Elevated skull fractures are not uncommon in the pediatric age group. Compound elevated skull fractures should be managed early as open depressed fractures. Reduction of a simple elevated fracture presenting with neurological deficits not explained by any other lesion can result in a good outcome. Keywords : Skull fractures, Elevated skull fractures, Compound fractures, Simple fractures, Pediatric age group
Corresponding author : Sarbjit Singh Chhıber, sarabjitchhiber@gmai.com