Turkish Neurosurgery 2010 , Vol 20 , Num 4
Is Spontaneous Spinal Epidural Hematoma in Elderly Patients an Emergency Surgical Case?
Gulhane Military Medical Academy Department of Neurosurgery Ankara, Turkey DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.2338-09.1 Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) is a rare condition requiring urgent diagnosis and treatment. Patients with SSEH typically present with acute onset of severe back pain and rapidly develop signs of compression of the spinal cord. The authors present a case with spontaneous resolution of SSEH which is extremely rare. We discuss a man who presented to our clinic with mild paraparesis at the seventh day of his symptoms. He had a history of poorly controlled hypertension and hypercholestrolemia requiring an antihyperlipidemic agent and anticoagulation. His upper level of hypoesthesia was at the third thoracic segment. Cervicothoracic SSEH was diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging. Since there was a gradual recovery of the neurological deficits beginning 12 hours after the onset of symptoms, surgery was obviated and strict bed rest, serial neurological examinations, and pain controls with opiates were instituted. The neurological deficits showed complete recovery on the 25th day of the clinical course. SSEH is rare and immediate surgical decompression is suggested. Rapid neurological deterioration followed by early and progressive neurological recovery, confirmed by radiological resolution of the lesion, may indicate nonoperative treatment. Keywords : Conservative management, Spontaneous spinal hematoma, Surgery
Corresponding author : Sait Sirin, drssirin@yahoo.com