Turkish Neurosurgery 2024 , Vol 34 , Num 4
The Interval Between External Ventricular Drain (EVD) Implantation and Time to Mobilization in Patients at the Neurosurgery ICU
Kobra Rafiei BADI1,Mohammadreza HAJIESMAEILI2,Majid MOKHTARI3,Reza GOHARANI4,Mahdi AMIRDOSARA2,Masood ZANGI2
1Shahid Behehshti University of Medical Sciences, Department of Anesthesiology, Tehran, Iran
2Shahid Behehshti University of Medical Sciences, Critical Care Quality Improvement Research Center, Tehran, Iran
3Shahid Behehshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4Shahid Behehshti University of Medical Sciences, Department of Anesthesiology, Tehran, Iran
DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.40842-22.2 AIM: To describe the time between external ventricular drain (EVD) implantation and mobilization in neurosurgery intensive care unit (ICU) patients with EVDs. Due to increased intracranial pressure, neurosurgery patients with external ventricular drain (EVD) who are admitted to the ICU frequently remain at rest, resulting in prolonged ICU and hospital length of stay (LOS), mechanical ventilator (MV) duration, and other adverse effects.

MATERIAL and METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study was conducted on 131 neurosurgery patients admitted to the ICU with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) or intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) who underwent EVD. Time of mobilization, level of mobilization, ICU and hospital LOS, MV duration, and other factors were evaluated for patients who met the inclusion criteria.

RESULTS: Of the 131 patients, 67 survived, and 61 began to mobilize in varying degrees of dangling (26.22%), standing (44.26%), and walking (29.5%). The mean number of days between EVD implantation and mobilization was 10.15. According to the findings, the mean ICU-LOS in patients was 14.56 days, the MV duration was 7.13 days, the time of ICU discharge from EVD removal was 7.08 days, and the hospital-LOS was 16.98 days. In addition, seven patients (10.44%) developed DVT, and three developed PE (4.47%).

CONCLUSION: Prolonged immobility in patients with EVD is associated with negative outcomes such as PE and DVT, as well as an increase in MV duration, ICU-LOS, and hospital-LOS. Therefore, designing an appropriate and standard mobilization protocol and training nursing staff to assist patients in safely mobilizing can significantly reduce the complications above, reduce postoperative care, and empower patients. Keywords : Neurosurgery, External versicular drain, Mobilization, ICU length of stay, Immobility, Outcome

Corresponding author : Mohammadreza HAJIESMAEILI, drhajiesmaeili@gmail.com