Turkish Neurosurgery 2023 , Vol 33 , Num 1
Importance of Physiotherapy after Lumbar Microdiscectomy
Onder CEREZCI1,Ahmet Tulgar BAŞAK3
1Uskudar University, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Istanbul, Turkey
2American Hospital, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Istanbul, Turkey
3American Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Istanbul, Turkey
DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.40904-22.5 AIM: To investigate the effects of a lumbar exercise program after single-level lumbar microdiscectomy on the recurrence of lumbar disc diseases.

MATERIAL and METHODS: Between 2018 and 2021, 223 patients (104 women, 119 men, median age: 49 years) who received their first corrective surgery for lumbar disc herniation were included in this retrospective study. Their clinical status was evaluated before surgery, early post-surgery, and 6-months after surgery using the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). Patients were divided into two groups: group A (n=124) included those who regularly participated in the postoperative physical therapy and rehabilitation program for 6 months; group B (n=99) included those who did not regularly participated or did not participate at all in the physical therapy and rehabilitation program. Their compliance to the 6-month physical therapy program (started at our clinic in the 1st postoperative month) and its relation to recurrent lumbar disc hernia at the same level was evaluated.

RESULTS: In group B, 82 patients showed irregular compliance to the physical therapy program and 17 patients did not participate in the physical therapy program. During the 6-month follow-up period, 27 patients developed recurrent disc hernia at the same level (group A, 9 patients; group B, 18 patients) and they accordingly underwent repeat microdiscectomy surgery.

CONCLUSION: Compliance with the postoperative physical therapy program after single-level lumbar microdiscectomy is one of the factors that prevented recurrent disc hernia during the early postoperative period. Keywords : Annulus fibrosus, Lower back pain, Microdiscectomy, Physical therapy program, Recurrent disc herniation

Corresponding author : Onder CEREZCI, ondercerezci@gmail.com