Turkish Neurosurgery 2022 , Vol 32 , Num 1
Intermediate-Grade Meningeal Melanocytoma in a 19-Month- Old Child with Difficulties in Differential Diagnosis and Management
1Marmara University, School of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Istanbul, Turkey
2Marmara University, School of Medicine, Department of Pathology, Istanbul, Turkey
DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.34672-21.4 Intermediate-grade meningeal melanocytoma (IGM) is a rare tumor that has not been reported in children so far. It is speculated to have more aggressive clinical behavior with undefined best management options. In this study, we present a 19-month-old girl as the first case with IGM in English literature. Preoperative diagnosis was ambiguous, given the unclear patient history and radiological features resembling a growing skull fracture or a congenital parietal bone agenesis subtype. During surgery, a dark gray-black dural area (5 × 7 cm in size) was found and then excised. However, the surgery was complicated due to brain edema and swelling, warranting a second surgery for reconstruction and dural repair. Of the 16 reported adult patients, 14 showed a high recurrence rate without adjuvant radiotherapy; 2 showed no recurrence with adjuvant radiotherapy. No adjuvant radiotherapy was given to our patient since she was 19 months old at the time of diagnosis and showed no recurrence at 48-month follow-up until now. Close monitoring with radiological imaging is of paramount importance for such cases. Keywords : Melanocytic tumor, Growing skull fracture, Children, Intermediate-grade
Corresponding author : Mustafa SAKAR, docmsakar@gmail.com