Turkish Neurosurgery 2022 , Vol 32 , Num 1
Effects of Sevoflurane and Propofol Anesthesia on Cerebral Oxygenation in Patients Undergoing Carotid Endarterectomy
Zeynep CURA1,Bahar OC1,Oguzhan ARUN1,Mehmet OC2,Ipek DUMAN3,Ates DUMAN1
1Selcuk University, School of Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Konya, Turkey
2Selcuk University, School of Medicine, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Konya, Turkey
3Necmettin Erbakan University, Meram School of Medicine, Department of Medical Pharmacology, Konya, Turkey
DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.33776-21.2 AIM: To compare the effects of sevoflurane and propofol anesthesia on perioperative cerebral oxygenation in patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CEA) under general anesthesia by using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) monitoring.

MATERIAL and METHODS: Institutional approval was obtained, and the perioperative data of 33 patients undergoing CEA were retrospectively evaluated. The study groups were organized according to the anesthesia drugs used for maintenance: sevoflurane (n=17) and propofol (n=16). The regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rScO2) of the ipsilateral and contralateral hemispheres was monitored continuously using a NIRS instrument and analyzed at specific time points starting from induction to the 12th hour postoperation. The data were analyzed using the appropriate tests, and a p value of <0.05 was considered significant.

RESULTS: Compared with those of groups with non-clamped hemispheres, the rScO2 values of the sevoflurane and propofol groups decreased significantly during clamping (p<0.05) and increased to above-preoperative values after declamping (p<0.05). When the sevoflurane and propofol groups were compared, a significant decrease in rScO2 was noted during extubation in the sevoflurane group (p<0.05). In the propofol group, female patients had significantly lower rScO2 values compared with male patients during clamping of the carotid artery (p<0.05). None of the observed decreases was greater than 20%, which is considered an indication for shunting.

CONCLUSION: Our NIRS monitoring results indicate that sevoflurane or propofol anesthesia does not generally cause significant differences in cerebral oxygenation during and after cross-clamping in patients undergoing CEA. The finding of sex-related differences in cerebral oxygenation in patients receiving propofol and decreased oxygenation during extubation in patients receiving sevoflurane warrants further studies. Keywords : Carotid endarterectomy, Cerebral oxygenation, Near-infrared spectroscopy, Propofol, Sevoflurane

Corresponding author : Ipek DUMAN, ipekduman@yahoo.com