Turkish Neurosurgery 2022 , Vol 32 , Num 1
Effect of Antiplatelet Preparation Before Endovascular Thrombectomy for Cerebral Infarction on Procedural Thromboembolism
Taek Min NAM1,Ji Hwan JANG1,Young Zoon KIM1,Kyu Hong KIM1,Seung Hwan KIM1
1Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Samsung Changwon Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Changwon, Republic of Korea DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.33088-20.4 AIM: To compare an antiplatelet-preparation group with a no-preparation group to evaluate the effect of the antiplatelet preparation on procedural thromboembolism during endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) with diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), retrospectively.

MATERIAL and METHODS: From January 2017 to April 2020, EVT was performed in 60 patients with cerebral infarction. Patients were categorized into the antiplatelet-preparation group (n=25) or the no-preparation group (n=35). Procedural thromboembolism was defined as new DWI-positive lesions in other areas of the occluded artery after EVT.

RESULTS: The antiplatelet-preparation and no-preparation groups did not differ in the rate of procedural thromboembolism occurrence (6/25 [24.0%] vs. 6/35 [17.1%]; p=0.532). Procedural thromboembolism was associated with age (74.4 ± 6.95 years vs. 65.7 ± 12.9 years; p=0.028), atherosclerotic occlusion (66.7% vs. 29.2%; p=0.022), and procedural time (97.4 ± 45.7 min vs. 60.1 ± 28.8 min; p=0.001). Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that factors affecting procedural thromboembolism during EVT for cerebral infarction were old age (odds ratio [OR], 1.133; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.009-1.273; p=0.035), atherosclerotic occlusion (OR, 7.434; 95% CI, 1.272-43.431; p=0.026), and longer procedural time (OR, 1.023; 95% CI, 1.001 - 1.046; p=0.006).

CONCLUSION: The antiplatelet preparation had no significant protective effect on procedural thromboembolism during EVT for cerebral infarction. Old age, atherosclerotic occlusion, and longer procedural time were independent risk factors for procedural thromboembolism during EVT for cerebral infarction. Keywords : Endovascular thrombectomy, Cerebral infarction, Antiplatelet, Procedural thromboembolism

Corresponding author : Seung Hwan KIM, aajechtkskim@hanmail.net