Turkish Neurosurgery 2021 , Vol 31 , Num 5
Retrospective Analysis of Intracranial Hemorrhages in the COVID-19 Pandemic
1Taksim Training and Research Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Istanbul, Turkey
2Istanbul Bakirkoy Dr. Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital, Department of Emergency Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey
DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.33824-21.1 AIM: To identify the characteristics of patients admitted to the emergency department with intracranial hemorrhages in the era of the COVID-19 pandemic.

MATERIAL and METHODS: Seventy-eight patients with spontaneous intracranial bleeding who were admitted to emergency departments and treated in neurosurgery clinics between March 11, 2020, and September 11, 2020, were included in the study.

RESULTS: The most frequent symptom was the loss of consciousness (32.1%), followed by headache (15.4%), syncope (10.3%), motor loss (9%), and seizures (9%). Antiaggregant and anticoagulant drug use were detected in 37.2% of the patients. Intraparenchymal hematoma was the most common type of intracranial hemorrhage (59%). Viral pneumonia was detected in 52.6% of the patients in thorax CTs. Surgical treatment was applied to 23.1% of the patients. There was no significant difference between patients with pneumonia and patients without pneumonia in the treatment modalities or 30-day mortality.

CONCLUSION: In this study, we found that low Glasgow Coma Scores affected mortality and that mechanical ventilation needs are higher in ICH patients with COVID-19. Nevertheless, the treatment differences may not have affected the outcomes. Keywords : COVID-19, Intracranial hemorrhage, SARS-CoV-2

Corresponding author : Gurkan BERIKOL, dr.berikol@gmail.com