Turkish Neurosurgery 2021 , Vol 31 , Num 4
A Comparison of the Surgical Outcomes of Laminoplasty and Laminectomy with Fusion in the Treatment of Multilevel Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: A Retrospective Cohort Study
Berk BENEK1,Emrah AKCAY1,Hakan YILMAZ1,Murat AYDIN1,Alaattin YURT1
1University of Health Sciences, Izmir Bozyaka Education and Research Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Izmir, Turkey DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.31386-20.2 AIM: To compare the effectiveness of laminoplasty and laminectomy with fusion in the treatment of patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM).

MATERIAL and METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed 52 patients diagnosed with CSM who underwent either laminoplasty (LP group) or laminectomy with fusion (LF group). The preoperative and postoperative clinical outcomes were evaluated using Cobb?s angle of cervical lordosis, visual analogue scale (VAS) and modified Japanese Orthopaedic Association (mJOA) scores, and radiographs showing the antero-posterior diameter and area of the spinal canal.

RESULTS: The mean age of the LP group was 60.12 years, while that of the LF group was 63.84 years. The pre- and postoperative mean mJOA scores were 11.46 ± 1.27 and 15.27 ± 0.87, respectively, in the LP group and 10.15 ± 1.89 and 14.92 ± 1.23, respectively, in the LF group. The pre- and postoperative Cobb angles were 16.22 ± 6.36° and 14.45 ± 4.50°, respectively, in the LP group and 14.39 ± 5.34° and 15.10 ± 6.21°, respectively, in the LF group. Recovery rates were 58.26% and 60.76% in the LP and LF groups, respectively. The mJOA scores, antero-posterior diameter and area improved significantly after surgery in both groups, while the Cobb angle increased in the LF group and decreased in the LP group.

CONCLUSION: Laminoplasty and laminectomy with fusion improved neurological functions in patients diagnosed with CSM. Laminectomy with fusion should be the preferred choice when treating patients with preoperative axial pain as, despite expanding the spinal canal successfully, laminoplasty can also worsen the pain. However, laminectomy with fusion (except for OPLL) should not be the treatment of choice in a mobile spine as it severely restricts neck movements and impairs the Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) of the patient. In the absence of kyphotic deformity, laminoplasty should be the preffered method for treatment. Keywords : Cervical spondylotic myelopathy, Laminoplasty, Laminectomy with fusion, Multilevel, Posterior technique

Corresponding author : Berk BENEK, benekberk@gmail.com