Turkish Neurosurgery 2021 , Vol 31 , Num 3
Comparison of Radiological and Functional Changes After Multi-Level Laminoplasty Between Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy and Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament
Dongwoo YU1,Ikchan JEON1
1Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Yeungnam University Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Daegu, Korea DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.31288-20.5 AIM: To compare the radiological and functional changes after multi-level laminoplasty between patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) and ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL).

MATERIAL and METHODS: This study included 75 patients consisted with 32 of CSM (group A) and 43 of OPLL (group B) presenting a preserved cervical sagittal balance who underwent multi-level laminoplasty for cervical myelopathy. The radiological outcomes were analyzed with the following radiological parameters: C2?C7 Cobb angle in neutral (C2-7AN), flexed (C2-7AF), and extended (C2-7AE) neck postures; C2?C7 range of motion (C2-7ROM); T1 slope (T1S); and C2?C7 sagittal vertical axis (C2-7SVA). The functional outcomes were analyzed with the modified Japanese Orthopedic Association (mJOA) score, Nurick grade, and recovery rate. The radiological and functional outcomes between the two groups were evaluated at 12-month postoperatively.

RESULTS: There were statistically significance increase of C2-7SVA in group A; and decrease of C2-7AF and C2-7ROM in group A and C2-7ROM in group B postoperatively (p<0.05). However, C2-7AN showed no statistically significant inter-group differences and postoperative intra-group changes in both groups (p>0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in the postoperative functional outcomes including mJOA score (p=0.251), Nurick grade (p=0.316), and recovery rate (p=0.435) between the two groups.

CONCLUSION: Although there were no statistically significant differences in functional outcomes between the two groups, the group A showed a greater deterioration in sagittal balance with an increase of C2-7SVA than the group B after multi-level laminoplasty. Keywords : Cervical spondylotic myelopathy, OPLL, Laminoplasty, Cervical spine

Corresponding author : Ikchan JEON, jicns@ynu.ac.kr