Turkish Neurosurgery 2021 , Vol 31 , Num 1
D-serine and NMDA Receptor 1 Expression in Patients with Intractable Epilepsy
Xinyue ZHANG1,Boqi HU2,Lei LU3,Dahai XU4,Lichao SUN4,Weihong LIN1
1The First Hospital of Jilin University, Department of Neurology, Changchun, Jilin, China
2China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, Department of Radiology, Changchun, Jilin, China
3Harrison International Peace Hospital, Department of Neurology, Hengshui, Hebei, China
4The First Hospital of Jilin University, Department of Emergency Medicine, Changchun, Jilin, China
DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.28138-19.2 AIM: To investigate the expression patterns of D-serine and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor 1 in the temporal lobes of patients with intractable epilepsy.

MATERIAL and METHODS: Cortical temporal lobe brain tissue samples were collected from 20 patients with intractable epilepsy and 6 patients with brain trauma. The expression patterns of D-serine and NMDA receptor 1 were detected by immunofluorescence staining and western blot analysis.

RESULTS: A total of 20 patients (11 males, 9 females) were included in the present study. D-serine expression was significantly higher in the neurons and glial cells of patients with intractable epilepsy than in control individuals. The mean integrated optical density (IOD) value for the intractable epilepsy group (13.37 ± 1.88) was significantly higher than that for the control group (9.27 ± 0.62, p<0.05). The mean absorbance value of the NMDA receptor 1 protein strip obtained from intractable epileptic patients was 0.4175 ± 0.2321, which was significantly higher than the value of 0.2402 ± 0.1458 for the control group (p<0.05).

CONCLUSION: D-serine and NMDA receptor 1 expressions increased significantly in patients with intractable epilepsy compared with control patients. Therefore, the D-serine signaling pathway may represent a potential neurochemical target for epilepsy treatment. Keywords : Intractable epilepsy, Temporal lobe, NMDA, D-serine

Corresponding author : Lichao SUN, Weihong LIN, sunlichao5@sina.com, linweihong321@126.com