Turkish Neurosurgery 2020 , Vol 30 , Num 4
Endoscopic Surgery versus Minimal Puncture Drainage Surgery for Treatment of Supratentorial Intracerebral Hemorrhage
Tao XIAO1,Juan WAN2,Hongtao QU1,Wenwu JIANG1,Xiangyang ZHOU1
1First Affiliated Hospital of University of South China, Department of Neurosurgery, Hunan Province, China
2First Affiliated Hospital of University of South China, Department of Neurology, Hunan Province, China
DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.27977-19.2 AIM: To compare neuroendoscopy versus minimal puncture drainage for surgical treatment of supratentorial hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage.

MATERIAL and METHODS: A total of 108 cases involving supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage were retrospectively analyzed. In 30 cases, endoscopic surgery was performed, while 78 cases involved puncture surgery. We compared hematoma clearance rate, postoperative rebleeding rate, incidence of postoperative complications, operation duration, and Glasgow coma score seven days after surgery. Clinical data such as early postoperative rehabilitation time, Glasgow outcome score three months after surgery, and intensive care unit (ICU) stay were also compared between the two groups.

RESULTS: The results showed that endoscopic surgery was associated with a superior clinical therapeutic effect in hematoma clearance rates, GCS scores on postoperative day 7, the average ICU stay, early postoperative rehabilitation time and intracranial infection outcomes than minimal puncture drainage surgery for the treatment of supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage (p<0.05). Three months after surgery, the favorable prognosis rate in the endoscopic treatment group was significantly higher than that in the craniotomy group [83.3% (28/34) vs. 61.5% (31/51), respectively; ?2=4.698, p=0.030]. In contrast, no significant differences in rebleeding, pulmonary infection, tracheotomy, secondary epilepsy, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, death in late postoperative period, or in baseline parameters were observed between the two groups (p>0.05).

CONCLUSION: Endoscopic surgery potentially represents a beneficial surgical procedure for treatment of supratentorial spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage. Keywords : Intracerebral hemorrhage, Endoscopic surgery, Minimally invasive surgery, Efficacy

Corresponding author : Juan WAN, 271539552@qq.com