Turkish Neurosurgery 2020 , Vol 30 , Num 2
Changes in Callosal Angle After Successful Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy Procedure in Pediatric Patients
Bahattin TANRIKULU1,M. Memet OZEK1
1Acibadem Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University, School of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Istanbul, Turkey DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.28399-19.2 AIM: To determine whether callosal angle (CA) measurement, a diagnostic and prognostic tool used for normal-pressure hydrocephalus in adults, is a reliable radiological parameter for evaluating endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) outcomes in pediatric patients.

MATERIAL and METHODS: Forty-seven pediatric patients with hydrocephalus who underwent successful ETV in our clinic between 2011 and 2015 were included in this study. Preoperative and postoperative three-month CA, lateral ventricle frontal horn (LVFH) width, Evans’ index (EI), and frontal-occipital horn ratio (FOR) parameters were recorded, with changes analyzed using a paired-samples t-test.

RESULTS: There were 29 male and 18 female patients included within the cohort. For mean preoperative values, LVFH width was 58.8 ± 14.9 mm, EI was 0.43 ± 0.09, FOR was 0.51 ± 0.74, and CA was 78.5° ± 36.4°. Separately, for mean postoperative values, LVFH width was 54 ± 14.2 mm, EI was 0.39 ± 0.09, FOR was 0.47 ± 0.07, and CA was 104.5° ± 32.6°. The CA was increased and the LVFH width, EI, and FOR were decreased in all patients within three months after surgery. The postoperative three-month change in CA was higher than those observed in the other parameters.

CONCLUSION: Changes in CA after successful ETV were dramatically higher than those in the other ventricular parameters. For this reason, we suggest CA be used as a radiological criterion during early radiological follow-up of patients after ETV. Keywords : Pediatric hydrocephalus, Callosal angle, Endoscopic third ventriculostomy

Corresponding author : Bahattin TANRIKULU, bahattintanrikulu@gmail.com