Turkish Neurosurgery 2019 , Vol 29 , Num 6
Intraoperative Neuromonitoring in Surgery of Cauda Equina and Conus Medullaris Tumors
Emine TASKIRAN1,Mustafa Onur ULU2,Eren Fatma AKCIL3,Murat HANCI2
1Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Istanbul, Turkey
2Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Istanbul, Turkey
3Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Istanbul, Turkey
DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.26479-19.2 AIM: To demonstrate the value of special intraoperative neuromonitoring techniques for cauda equina and conus medullaris tumors (CECMT) by describing standard methods used at our center.

MATERIAL and METHODS: Neurophysiological records were retrospectively reviewed for 16 patients (eight females and eight males; age range: 27–60 years) who underwent surgery for CECMT at our department between 2016 and 2018.

RESULTS: Motor and/or sensorial deficits were preoperatively identified in 10 patients; no patients had bladder or sexual dysfunction. Motor evoked potential (MEP) loss occurred in seven patients with full or partial recovery. No changes were seen in pudendal somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) or bulbocavernosus reflex (BCR), and morphological deterioration and amplitude loss of tibial SEPs were present in four patients. Postoperatively, no new neurological deficits and/or bladder and sexual dysfunction were present.

CONCLUSION: Pudendal SEP and BCR are useful tests for monitoring CECMT surgeries. BCR is an easily obtainable modality for preserving sacral functions and recommended as a primary monitoring modality in conjunction with traditional neurophysiological techniques during CECMT surgery. Keywords : Bulbocavernosus reflex, Pudendal SEP, Intraoperative neuromonitoring, Cauda equina, Conus medullaris, Neoplasm

Corresponding author : Emine TASKIRAN, dreminetaskiran@gmail.com