Turkish Neurosurgery 2019 , Vol 29 , Num 5
Study on Umbilical Cord-Matrix Stem Cells Transplantation for Treatment of Acute Traumatic Brain Injury in Rats
Yanmin WANG1,Dingwei PENG2,3,Xiping YANG2,Pengfei HUANG4,Haoyi YE4,Yuetong HUI4,Xi WANG5,Wentao SUN1,Huancheng WU1,Shijun ZHANG1,Lei WANG6,Hong SHA6,Chongzhi SHANG2,Huajiang DONG4,Qunliang HU1
1Tianjin Beichen Hospital ,Tianjin, China
2Specialty Medical Center of Chinese People’s Armed Police Forces, Department of Neurosurgery, Tianjin, China
3Neural Restoration Key Laboratory of Tianjin, Tianjin, China
4Logistics University of Chinese People’s Armed Police Forces, Tianjin, China
5The Fifth Brigade of Peking Headquarters of Chinese People’s Armed Police Forces, Peking, China
6Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Tianjin, China
DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.25463-18.2 AIM: To evaluate the effect of umbilical cord derived mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) transplantation on traumatic brain injury (TBI).

MATERIAL and METHODS: UC-MSCs were isolated from human umbilical cord and TBI rat model was constructed. 30 male SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: control group, TBI group and MSCs transplantation group. Rats in MSCs group received the injection of a total of 1.5 × 106 MSCs (25 μl) via ventricle at operated ventricular coordinates (0 at bregma, 1.5 mm at lateral, 1.1 mm at behind, 4.5 mm in depth).

RESULTS: 80% confluence of cells was formed from tissue at day 10 and the amount of CD90, CD73, CD105 positive cells increased correspondingly. In TBI model, clear hyperemia, edema and obvious infiltration of inflammatory cells in brain tissue were found. However, the manifestations were alleviated after the treatment of MSCs. In MSCs group, GFP in the brain tissue and the area around the vessels were found after the injection, while the expression levels of micro-vessel density (MVD), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) were elevated.

CONCLUSION: UC-MSCs transplantation for treatment of acute TBI could effectively reduce the injury and improve the vascular reconstruction. Keywords : Umbilical cord, Mesenchymal stem cells, Trauma brain injury

Corresponding author : Lei WANG, leiwang2006163@163.com; Huajiang DONG dhj_424@163.com; Qunliang HU hjhhql@sina.com