Turkish Neurosurgery 2019 , Vol 29 , Num 4
Endoscopic Endonasal Approaches to Craniovertebral Junction Pathologies: A Single-Center Experience
1Ankara University School of Medicine, Ibni Sina Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Ankara, Turkey
2Ankara University School of Medicine, Ibni Sina Hospital, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Ankara, Turkey
DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.23781-18.1 AIM: To review our experience of using the endoscopic endonasal approach for clivus and odontoid pathologies as well as craniovertebral junction anomalies at our institution.

MATERIAL and METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 41 patients (21 male, 20 female; age range, 2–65 years) who underwent endoscopic endonasal procedures for craniovertebral junction pathologies between 2008 and 2017.

RESULTS: Of the 41 patients, 27 had clivus lesions, 7 had odontoid lesions, 6 had basilar invagination, and 1 had rhinorrhea repair. Six patients underwent an additional posterior decompression/fusion either before or after the endonasal procedure. None of the patients required tracheostomy, and cerebrospinal fluid leakage was postoperatively detected in one patient. The patients’ mean modified Rankin scale and visual analog scale scores were 3 and 4, respectively. The follow-up period ranged from 12 to 50 months.

CONCLUSION: Although the microscopic transoral approach has been considered the gold standard for craniovertebral junction surgical management, endoscopic approaches are feasible, safe, and effective for addressing pathologies in this region, with developing technique and surgical experience. Keywords : Endoscopy, Craniocervical junction, Clivus, Odontoid

Corresponding author : Gokmen KAHILOGULLARI, gokmenkahil@hotmail.com