Turkish Neurosurgery 2019 , Vol 29 , Num 1
The Clinical Usefulness of Preoperative Imaging Studies to Select Pathologic Level in Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: Comparative Analysis of Three-Position MRI and Post-Myelographic CT
Seung Yoon LEE1,Jung-Woo HUR1,Kyeong-Sik RYU1,Jin-Sung KIM1,Ho-Jung CHUNG1,Myung-Soo SONG1
1The Catholic University of Korea, College of Medicine, Seoul St. Mary?s Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Seoul, Korea DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.23249-18.1 AIM: To compare the accuracy of determining pathologic segment between three-position MRI (3P-MRI) and post-myelographic CT (PMCT) in cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) by assessing the degree of inter-observer and intra-observer agreement.

MATERIAL and METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 3P-MRI and PMCT for the diagnosis of multilevel CSM in 136 patients who underwent surgery. Using an assessment scale, 8 blind observers with various clinical experiences examined 5 parameters: spinal canal narrowing, foraminal stenosis, bony abnormality, intervertebral disc herniation, and nerve root compression. Spinal canal, neural foraminal, spinal cord and disc protrusion diameters were measured. Intra-observer and inter-observer agreement of each image was analyzed.

RESULTS: Spinal canal width and foraminal diameter was found to be significantly smaller in 3P-MRI compared to PMCT. No significant differences of cervical cord diameter and the size of disc protrusion measured in 3P-MRI compared to PMCT were observed. Comparing between 3P-MRI and PMCT, disc abnormality and nerve root compression showed better agreement on 3P-MRI, whereas foraminal stenosis and bony lesion showed better agreement on PMCT.

CONCLUSION: In the present study, PMCT was still useful in diagnosis of the foraminal stenosis and bony lesion compared to 3P-MRI but showed limitation in disc abnormality and nerve root compression. Even though PMCT may provide valuable additional information in difficult or ambiguous cases, universal standard of 3P-MRI showed higher reliability in detecting pathologic levels in CSM patients. Keywords : Cervical spondylotic myelopathy, Dynamic magnetic resonance imaging, Post-myelographic computer tomography, Inter-observer agreement, Intra-observer agreement

Corresponding author : Jung-Woo HUR, neurotique79@gmail.com