Turkish Neurosurgery 2018 , Vol 28 , Num 5
Use and Modifications of Cervical and Upper Thoracic Laminar Screws in Posterior Stabilization
Burak EREN1,Azmi TUFAN1,Feyza KARAGOZ GUZEY1,Ilker GULEC1,Abdurrahim TAS1,Ozgur AKTAS1,Mustafa VATANSEVER1,Ebru DORUK1,Murat YUCEL1,Mustafa ORNEK1
1Health Sciences University, Bagcilar Training and Research Hospital, Neurosurgery Clinic, Istanbul, Turkey DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.20240-17.1 AIM: To evaluate the results of patients who underwent axial, subaxial and upper thoracic laminar screw fixation for posterior stabilization.

MATERIAL and METHODS: The patients who underwent laminar screws at the cervical and upper thoracic levels in our clinic in a 5-year period were evaluated retrospectively.

RESULTS: A total of 54 laminar screws were used in 25 patients, aged between 6 and 82 years. The most frequent diagnoses were cervical spinal stenosis and craniovertebral junction anomalies. There were handicaps to perform other type of screws in 19 out of 25 screws during the first 4 years, and 9 out of 29 in the last year (p=0.0009). Two modifications were performed in some cases. In 4 segments with thin lamina, a shorter screw was used to leave clear the thinnest part, and in 3 C2 levels with almost full-length bifid spinous process, shorter screws were inserted from the medial sides of the bifid processes with a more vertical orientation. There was ventral cortex penetration in 11 screws without new neurological deficits. One of them was removed because of its full thickness insertion into the spinal canal. The fusion rate was 75% in 16 patients who were radiologically followed for longer than 6 months. In one patient out of 4 without fusion, the unilateral screw was loosened, and in others the laminar screws were not loosened.

CONCLUSION: The laminar screw technique is easy, safe and effective at the C2, C7 and upper thoracic levels. Some modifications may be required due to the anatomical variations. It can be used at other subaxial levels, and also in selected cases where other techniques could not be performed. Keywords : Laminar screw, Posterior cervical stabilization, Posterior cervicothoracic stabilization, Screw malposition

Corresponding author : Burak EREN, drburakeren@hotmail.com