Turkish Neurosurgery 2016 , Vol 26 , Num 6
Preoperative Visualization of Cranial Nerves in Skull Base Tumor Surgery Using Diffusion Tensor Imaging Technology
Jun MA1, Shaobo SU1, Shuyuan YUE1, Yan ZHAO1, Yonggang LI1, Xiaochen CHEN1, Hui MA2
1General Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, Division of Neurosurgery, Tianjin, China
2General Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, Division of Radiology, Tianjin, China
DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.13655-14.1 AIM: To visualize cranial nerves (CNs) using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) with special parameters. This study also involved the evaluation of preoperative estimates and intraoperative confirmation of the relationship between nerves and tumor by verifying the accuracy of visualization.

MATERIAL and METHODS: 3T magnetic resonance imaging scans including 3D-FSPGR, FIESTA, and DTI were used to collect information from 18 patients with skull base tumor. DTI data were integrated into the 3D slicer for fiber tracking and overlapped anatomic images to determine course of nerves. 3D reconstruction of tumors was achieved to perform neighboring, encasing, and invading relationship between lesion and nerves.

RESULTS: Optic pathway including the optic chiasm could be traced in cases of tuberculum sellae meningioma and hypophysoma (pituitary tumor). The oculomotor nerve, from the interpeduncular fossa out of the brain stem to supraorbital fissure, was clearly visible in parasellar meningioma cases. Meanwhile, cisternal parts of trigeminal nerve and abducens nerve, facial nerve were also imaged well in vestibular schwannomas and petroclival meningioma cases. The 3D-spatial relationship between CNs and skull base tumor estimated preoperatively by tumor modeling and tractography corresponded to the results determined during surgery.

CONCLUSION: Supported by DTI and 3D slicer, preoperative 3D reconstruction of most CNs related to skull base tumor is feasible in pathological circumstances. We consider DTI Technology to be a useful tool for predicting the course and location of most CNs, and syntopy between them and skull base tumor. Keywords : Cranial nerve, Diffusion tensor imaging, Tractography, Skull base tumor

Corresponding author : Shuyuan Yue, Yueshuyuan949@gmail.com