Turkish Neurosurgery 2016 , Vol 26 , Num 1
Comparative Biochemical and Motor Function Analysis of Alpha Lipoic Acid and N-Acetyl Cysteine Treatment on Rats with Experimental Spinal Cord Injury
Ahmet Gurhan GURCAY1, Oktay GURCAN1, Atilla KAZANCI1, Ismail BOZKURT1, Salim SENTURK2, Ebru BODUR3, Omer Faruk TURKOGLU1, Murad BAVBEK1
1Ankara Ataturk Research and Training Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Ankara, Turkey
2Koc University, Medical School Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Istanbul, Turkey
3Hacettepe University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry, Ankara, Turkey
DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.14594-15.0 AIM: Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) is a devastating health problem both for the patient and the clinician. Numerous treatment modalities have been studied to reverse the effects of spinal cord injury. Herein is reported the effects and the comparison of Alpha Lipoic Acid and N-Acetyl Cysteine on rats with SCI.

MATERIAL and METHODS: 38 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: only laminectomy, laminectomy and trauma, laminectomy trauma and Alpha Lipoic Acid 100 mg/kg IP administration, laminectomy trauma and N-Acetyl Cysteine 300 mg/kg IP administration, and vehicle group (PEG). The trauma model was the Modified Allen Weight drop method. After the procedure, the rats’ motor function was evaluated using the modified Tarlov Scale and consequently they were sacrificed and the spinal cord tissue was analyzed biochemically for inflammation markers.

RESULTS: Both Alpha Lipoic Acid and N-Acetyl Cysteine administration after the injury significantly improved the results. There was no statistically significant difference in between the agents.

CONCLUSION: Although these agents both proven to be effective in ameliorating the effects of SCI, there was not enough evidence in this research to conclude the benefit of one agent over the other. Keywords : Alpha lipoic acid, N-Acetyl Cysteine, Spinal cord injury, Secondary phase, MDA, TNF-α, IL-6

Corresponding author : Ahmet Gurhan Gürçay, drgurcay@gmail.com