Turkish Neurosurgery 2015 , Vol 25 , Num 6
Factors Influencing Intraoperative Rupture of Intracranial Aneurysms
1Clinical Center of Montenegro, Director of Neurosurgery Division, Podgorica, Ljubljanska bb, Podgorica , Montenegro
2University of Belgrade, School of Medicine, Clinical Center Belgrade, Neurosurgery Division, Belgrade, Serbia
DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.12966-14.2 AIM: The study deals with intraoperative rupture of intracranial aneurysms (IOR) during microsurgery, analyzing factors that may be connected with IOR.

MATERIAL and METHODS: During the three-year period (2006-2008), 934 patients were operated for aneurysms at the Institute of Neurosurgery, CCS, Belgrade. In total, 536 patients were observed.

RESULTS: IOR occurred in 14.7%. Male gender, seizures and timing of surgery proved to be risk factors for IOR. All other tested features had no significance. Localization {IOR rate 11.93% in ACM, 17.06% in ACA and 17.26% in ACI) and size (small: IOR in 68/439 (15.49%), large: 8/74 (10.8%), and very large: 3/23 (13.04%)} of aneurysm seemed to have an influence, but this could not be proved. The majority of IORs (58.23%) occurred in early surgery. Early operated patients: IOR occurred in 46/167 (27.54%), intermediary: 25/103 (24.27%), and delayed: 8/266 (3%) – with highly significant differences.

CONCLUSION: Age, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cardiomyopathy, pregnancy, higher Fisher score, previous IOR, or the presence of vomiting and headache did not affect the occurrence of IOR, whereas the timing of surgery, male gender and epileptic seizures increased the risk. Localization and size of aneurysm tend to have an influence but statistical significance was not proved in this study. Keywords : İntrakraniyal anevrizma, İntraoperatif rüptür, Risk faktörleri

Corresponding author : Novak Lakıćevıć, novak.lakicevic@kccg.me