Turkish Neurosurgery 2014 , Vol 24 , Num 6
Surgical Strategies for the Removal of Sphenoorbital Meningiomas
Ilker SOLMAZ, Ozkan TEHLI, Caglar TEMIZ, Cahit KURAL, Irgen HODAJ, Murat KUTLAY, Engin GONUL, Mehmet K. DANEYEMEZ
Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Department of Neurosurgery, Ankara, Turkey DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.10336-14.3 AIM: Surgical removal of sphenoorbital meningiomas is challenging for neurosurgeons. The aim of study is to share our experience on sphenoorbital meningiomas and to provide a picture of the current state of the art in surgical treatment of these tumors.

MATERIAL and METHODS: The data of 13 cases of sphenoorbital meningioma who were operated between 2006 and 2013 was reviewed retrospectively. Intraorbital extension was present in 10 cases while sphenoid bone invasion was detected in 9 cases. All patients underwent surgical treatment after the radiological evaluation with magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography. The degree of resection and the clinical outcome of all patients were analyzed.

RESULTS: Extended pterional approach with a large frontotemporal craniotomy was performed in all cases. Simpson’s grade I and II excision was achieved in 4 (31%) cases while subtotal excision (Simpson’s grade III or higher) was performed in 9 cases. The main reason for subtotal excision was the cavernous sinus invasion. Optic canal decompression was performed in patients with intraorbital invasion.

CONCLUSION: Although total removal is the main objective of surgery, the sphenoorbital meningiomas are difficult to resect especially with cavernous sinus invasion. But in the meantime, it is not recommended to take any excessive risks to achieve a greater degree of resection for a benign tumor. Endoscopic approach is an option for inferomedial orbital parts of these tumors. Keywords : Sphenoorbital meningioma, Surgery, Strategy

Corresponding author : Ilker Solmaz, solmazilker@hotmail.com