Turkish Neurosurgery 2014 , Vol 24 , Num 5
Clinical Results of Anterior Odontoid Screw Fixation for Type II Odontoid Fractures
Fatih KESKIN1, Cengiz GOMLEKSIZ2, Mehdi SASANI3, Tunc OKTENOGLU3, Tuncer SUZER3, Ali Fahir OZER4
1Necmettin Erbakan University, Meram School of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Konya, Turkey
2Erzincan University, Mengucek Gazi Training and Research Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Erzincan, Turkey
3American Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Istanbul, Turkey
4Koc University, School of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Istanbul, Turkey
DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.9814-13.0 AIM: In this study, 31 patients with a diagnosis of Type II odontoid fractures were reported. All patients were treated with anterior transodontoid screw fixation and clinical outcomes were reported.

MATERIAL and METHODS: In this study, the retrospective clinical analysis of 31 patients with traumatic type II odontoid fractures who were treated through anterior transodontoid fixation in Neurosurgery Department at VKV American Hospital between 1998 and 2012 was performed. The age, sex, cause of injury, diagnosis time, neurological examination before and after surgery, follow-up period were evaluated. The neurological status of patients was classified according to the Frankel scale.

RESULTS: In 4 patients, 2 transodontoid screws were inserted. The mean hospital stay was 3.35 days. Posterior occipito-cervical fusion was done in 1 patient due to the lack of fusion in the first operation. No vascular injury, screw malposition, infection, neurologic deterioration, or complications were observed during the peroperative and postoperative stage. The mean postoperative follow-up period was 36 months after surgery. Radiological imaging of patients were performed at the early and late postoperative stage.

CONCLUSION: We found satisfying fusion rates and better patient comfort during the postoperative period. We think that stabilization and fusion through a transodontoid screw is a minimal invasive method. Keywords : Anterior, Type II odontoid fracture, Minimally invasive, Odontoid screw fixation

Corresponding author : Fatih Keskın, drfatihk@yahoo.com