Turkish Neurosurgery 2014 , Vol 24 , Num 5
Primary Non-Necrotizing Granulomatous Hypophysitis Mimicking Pituitary Adenomas
Ali Erdem YILDIRIM1, Denizhan DIVANLIOGLU1, Nuri Eralp CETINALP1, Sevinc SAHIN2, Sezer KULACOGLU2, Ahmed Deniz BELEN1
1Ankara Numune Research and Education Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Ankara, Turkey
2Ankara Numune Research and Education Hospital, Department of Pathology, Ankara, Turkey
DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.9285-13.1 AIM: The authors review their experience in the endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal treatment of 5 patients, finally diagnosed as primary hypophysitis but initially assumed to be pituitary adenomas.

MATERIAL and METHODS: A retrospective study was undertaken to review 5 cases of primary non-necrotizing granulomatous hypophysitis (1.61%) through 310 endoscopic transsphenoidally operated cases with the diagnosis of pituitary adenoma between 2009 and 2013. All 5 cases were female without any background of autoimmunity or recent pregnancy. The initial presumptive diagnosis was pituitary adenoma for all patients. The endocrinological diagnoses of the patients were suspected Cushing’s Disease, anterior pituitary deficiency with hyponatremia, hyperprolactinemia, and acromegaly. One of the patients had normal hormonal levels. All patients had macroadenomas including one invasive adenoma with skull base involvement. One of the patients (20%) had visual field defects. All patients underwent endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal surgery (EETS).

RESULTS: All patients had improvement of hormonal levels postoperatively except the one with anterior pituitary deficiency who required long term hormone replacement after the surgery. Mean follow-up duration was 14.8 months.

CONCLUSION: Primary granulomatous hypophysitis without any known etiological factors is very rare in the literature. It can mimic pituitary adenomas in radiological and endocrinological aspects. EETS is an effective and safe treatment especially for visual and compression symptoms. Keywords : Primary hypophysitis, Non-necrotizing, Granulomatous, Endoscopic, Secretory adenoma

Corresponding author : Ali Erdem Yıldırım, alierdemyildirim@gmail.com