Turkish Neurosurgery 2012 , Vol 22 , Num 5
Computed Tomographic Evaluation of the Distance Between the Medial Border of Longus Colli Muscle and Foramen Transversarium in Ventral Approaches to the Subaxial Cervical Spine
Rania Mohamed HEGAZY1,5, Waleed Abdelfattah AZAB2, Hosam Mohamed ATTIA3, Ahmed Yahia ABDELRAHMAN2,4
1Cairo University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Cairo, Egypt
2Ibn Sina Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Kuwait, Kuwait
3Ibn Sina Hospital, Department of Radiology, Kuwait, Kuwait
4Zagazig University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Zagazig, Egypt
5Al Jahra Hospital, Department of Radiology, Kuwait, Kuwait
DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.5821-12.1 AIM: Iatrogenic vertebral artery (VA) injury during ventral approaches to the subaxial cervical spine ranges from 0.22% to 2.77%. Evaluation of the extent of safe lateral working distance before the V2 segment of the VA is reached can be helpful to avoid this complication.

MATERIAL and METHODS: In 100 patients (48 males and 52 females) axial computed tomographic scanning was used to measure the distance from the medial border of longus colli muscle (LCM) to the medial border of the foramen transversarium along the anterior border of the vertebral body at each level from C3-4 down to C6-7. The arithmetic mean of the 2 measurements at the upper and lower end-plates of the corresponding level was considered representative of the safe lateral working distance at this level. Statistical significance was set as P value< 0.001.

RESULTS: No statistically significant difference was found between the measurements in the whole study population at various levels or between subgroups. A gradual increase in the distances was noticed from C3-4 down to C6-7 level in all subgroups except for spondylotic males.

CONCLUSION: This study offers useful morphometric data that can help the surgeon avoid VA injury during anterior procedures to the subaxial cervical spine. Keywords : Vertebral artery, Cervical, Longus colli, Computed tomography

Corresponding author : Waleed Abdelfattah Azab, waleedazab@hotmail.com