Turkish Neurosurgery 2024 , Vol 34 , Num 4
Unlocking the Battle-Clipping vs. Endovascular Therapy for Shunt-Dependent Hydrocephalus After Aneurysm Rupture: An In-Depth Institutional Analysis
Vikas Chandra JHA1,Rahul JAIN1,Vivek Saran SINHA1,Nitish KUMAR1
1All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, India DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.45739-23.1 AIM: To compare microsurgical clipping and endovascular therapy (EVT) for the management of shunt-dependent hydrocephalus (SDH) in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and hydrocephalus.

MATERIAL and METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted from July 2018 to December 2022 and included 67 patients with SAH accompanied by acute hydrocephalus. Patients? demographic, clinical, and radiological data, such as age, sex, Glasgow Coma Scale scores, Hunt and Hess scale, Fischer grade, external ventricular drain (EVD) duration, complications, Ommaya reservoir placement, cerebrospinal fluid drainage, and outcomes, were obtained. Statistical analyses, including univariate analysis and stepwise logistic regression, revealed significant risk factors for shunt dependence.

RESULTS: Of the 67 patients, 33 underwent microsurgical clipping and 34 received EVT. Spasmolysis reduced shunt dependency, whereas early EVD placement correlated with reduced shunt dependence (p=0.002). The Ommaya reservoir helped in the management of meningitis but was found to be associated with shunt dependency (p=0.04). Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that perioperative infarct was a significant risk factor for shunt dependence (p=0.05). No significant difference in patient outcomes was observed between the two treatment groups. However, patients who received EVT had shorter intensive care unit and hospital stays.

CONCLUSION: This study shows that managing clinical vasospasm with spasmolysis may reduce shunt dependency. Overall, both microsurgical clipping and EVT offer similar long-term outcomes and efficacy in preventing shunt dependence, but the latter has the advantage of shorter hospital stay. These findings provide crucial insights for clinical decision-making and patient care in SDH after SAH. Keywords : Hydrocephalus, Aneurysm rupture, Clip vs EVT, Shunt dependence, Outcome

Corresponding author : Vikas Chandra JHA, chandrajhavikas@gmail.com