Turkish Neurosurgery 2024 , Vol 34 , Num 3
Prominent Neurosurgery Books of the Western World: How They Defined the Era of Modern Neurosurgery in the 19th Century
Uygur ER1,Sait NADERI2
1Ankara Acibadem Hospital, Neurosurgery Clinic, Ankara, Türkiye
2Umraniye Training and Research Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Istanbul, Türkiye
DOI : 10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.44803-23.2 The aim of this article is to introduce the 19th century neurosurgery books to reveal their contributions to modern neurosurgery. Methods In this study, 29 books were accessed, and reviewed, and the resources from the late 18th century and early 20th century were included. However, neurology or general surgery books that included neurosurgical subjects or chapter were excluded unless there were revolutionary ideas in their relevant chapters.

The books of this period observed to have some common differences from the books that were written in the previous century. Parallel to the concept of cerebral localization, which started to develop in this period, neurosurgery evolved from skull surgery to brain surgery.

Due to the advancements in patient care, anesthesia and sterile techniques, surgical medical branches showed rapid development in the 1800s. During this period, cerebral localization concept changed the comprehension and approach in neurosurgery and opened the gate of a new era in the field of neurological surgery unlike other branches and helped to establish modern neurosurgery. 19th century surgeons became able to operate on more complex cases with more advanced techniques. Knowledge of published pioneer papers and books help understanding of emergence of neurological surgery as a separate discipline. Keywords : Development of neurosurgery, History of neurosurgery, Neurosurgery book, 19th century

Corresponding author : Uygur ER, uygurer@gmail.com