Endoscopic Optic Nerve Decompression Through Supraorbital Keyhole Extradural Approach: A Cadaveric Study
AIM: Many approaches for optic nerve decompression have their own advantages and disadvantages. The aim of this study was to
perform endoscopic decompression of optic nerve through the supraorbital keyhole and evaluate its feasibility.
MATERIAL and METHODS: Ten adult cadaveric heads were studied using 4-mm, 0- and 30-degree rigid endoscopes to perform
the optic nerve decompression through the supraorbital keyhole extradural approach. Furthermore, the relevant measurements
about the optic canal were recorded.
RESULTS: Through the supraorbital keyhole, the endoscope was introduced into the extradural space, and the following structures
could be exposed and identified: the sphenoid ridge, the anterior clinoid process, the roof of the optic canal and the falciform ligament.
The roof and lateral wall of the optic canal were removed using a drill under the endoscope, and more sufficient decompression
could be achieved by further incising the falciform ligament and optic sheath. After measurement, the distance from the zygomatic
process of the frontal bone to the optic canal was 59.32 ± 2.27 mm, the distance from the upper midpoint of the posterior foramen
of the optic canal to the internal carotid artery was 3.80 ± 0.93 mm.
CONCLUSION: According to the cadaveric study, it is feasible to perform the endoscopic decompression of optic nerve with a
clear view through the supraorbital keyhole extradural approach. Our study may provide a minimally invasive and safe option for
the optic nerve decompression.